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Centos5.7 编译Python

Python 3.11.3 is not available in the official CentOS 7.5 repositories, so you will need to install it manually. Here are the steps to install Python 3.11.3 on CentOS 7.5:

  1. Install the dependencies required to build Python:

    sudo yum groupinstall -y 'Development Tools'
    sudo yum install -y openssl-devel libffi-devel zlib-devel bzip2-devel sqlite-devel xz-devel
  2. Download the source code for Python 3.11.3 from the official website:

    wget https://www.python.org/ftp/python/3.11.3/Python-3.11.3.tgz
  3. Extract the source code and navigate to the extracted directory:

    tar -xzf Python-3.11.3.tgz
    cd Python-3.11.3
  4. Configure the build options:

    ./configure --enable-optimizations
  5. Build and install Python:

    make -j 4
    sudo make altinstall

    Note: We use make altinstall instead of make install to prevent overwriting the default Python installation on the system.

  6. Verify the installation:

    python3.11 --version

    This should output Python 3.11.3.

  7. PYTHONPATH

ln -s /usr/local/bin/python3.11 /usr/bin/python3
ln -s /usr/local/bin/pip3.11 /usr/bin/pip3

That's it! You have now installed Python 3.11.3 on CentOS 7.5.

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